from B. Berg

SIX PRINCIPLES FOR EFFECTIVE PRACTICING
Bruce Berg, Baylor University
1.    “The ideal of practice is to accomplish the most in the least possible time without frustration.” George Neikrug. Frustration is the enemy of good practicing. A positive mental attitude and the realization that any problem can be conquered is imperative. As was espoused by Dorothy Delay, there is always a solution to a problem. The problem is finding the solution, and I add that a good teacher can always help the student find the solution.
2.    Keep the mind engaged at all times. Ivan Galamian states in his book “Principles of Violin Playing and Teaching, “The thing that must be impressed on the student above all else is the necessity for complete and constant mental alertness during practice.”
3.    Memory and interpretation are partners. Technique is memory. Memorize your musical ideas, not just the notes. “When learning a piece, from the very beginning sing through the musical phrase and then play, trying to imitate your singing. Memorize the phrase immediately.” George Neikrug. “The musical approach defines the technical requirements.” Gerald Fischbach. “The musical approach is a party to technical considerations, so that if the musical approach remains up in the air, one will waste time ‘solving’ problems not pertinent to the ultimate musical goals.” Charles Castleman.
4.    The responsibility of the teacher is important. Ivan Galamian said, “A teacher who limits himself to pointing out the mistakes and does not show the way to overcome them fails in the important mission of teaching the student how to work for himself.” “The role of a teacher is to make himself obsolete.” George Neikrug.
5.    Only practice on one thing at a time. Isolate a problem, then solve it. After learning the solution, don’t repeat it over and over. Find another problem to proceed to. “By practicing as a routine, things that do not need any more practice, one is wasting time.” Ivan Galamian.
6.    “There is a difference between slow technique and fast technique.
When practicing fast passages slowly, use the technique that you will be using when you play it up to tempo.” George Neikrug.

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